Friedman, M., & Rosenman, R. H. (). Type A behavior and your heart. New York, NY Knopf. Health Risks Due to Personality Types: Friedman and Rosenman (). Aims: To research the link between personality factors, stress and Coronary Heart. Type A and Type B personality hypothesis describes two contrasting personality types. In this eight-and-a-half-year-long study of healthy men between the ages of 35 and 59, Friedman and Rosenman estimated that Type A behavior more.

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Type A personality not linked to heart disease”. Limitations of the original study comprise the inclusion of only middle-aged men and the lack of information regarding the diets of those subjects.

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Type A behavior pattern: some of its pathophysiological components.

Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Adrenal response to excess corticotropin in coronary-prone men.

They also tend to have high blood pressure hypertension. In the s, Meyer Friedman and RH Rosenman were researching the possible causes of coronary disease. This sample was followed for up to eight and a half years to assess their lifestyle and health outcomes. A study conducted by the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine re-examined the association frieeman the Type A concept with cardiovascular CVD and non-cardiovascular non-CVD mortality by using a long follow-up on average The Western Collaborative Group Study followed healthy men, aged between thirty-nine and fifty-nine for eight and a half years.


N Engl J Med. Cardiovascular injury induced by sympathetic catecholamines. Although aspects of lifestyle were controlled for, there may have been other variables that could have affected vulnerability to heart disease, such as elements of hardiness.

A relationship between personality and cancer exists, along with a relationship between personality and coronary heart disease. Journal of the American Medical Association. Many people may not fit easily into a type A or B person. The induction of neurogenic hypercholesteremia.

Personality patterns and life stress in ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Friedman and Rosenman labeled this behavior Type A personality. Seminars in Vascular Medicine. Behavior patterns and personality characteristics related to prevalence rates of coronary heart disease in American monks. Associations with non-cardiovascular deaths were even weaker. The video game was rigged so no one could ever win!

Health psychology in action. Relationship to endocrine function. Retrieved 27 November Type A people were said to rosenmam hasty, impatient, impulsive, hyperalert, potentially hostile, and angry. Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Type A and B personalities | Life and style | The Guardian

American Journal of Public Health. A longitudinal study carried out by Ragland and Brand found that as predicted by Friedman Type A men were more likely to suffer from coronary heart disease. Associated Data Supplementary Materials. Type 5 is a rational anti-emotional type, which shows characteristics common to Type 1 and Type 2.

They tended to sit on the edge of the seat and leaped up frequently. Summary results of the recurrent coronary prevention project”. Type B personality types are more tolerant than individuals in the Type A category. For example, eight years later of the participants had developed coronary heart disease.


Hourly changes in serum cholesterol concentration effects of the anticipation of stress. This means such individual also display ‘pathological niceness,’ conflict avoidance, high social desirability, over compliance and patience.

Type A and B Personality

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Generally patient, relaxed, easy-going, and at times lacking an overriding sense of urgency.

This may suggest that different coping strategies are just as important as personality. Otz, James Hassett, Ines Otz. Some scales suggested slightly decreased, rather than increased, risk of CVD death during the follow-up. Type A and type B personality theory was created by a pair of cardiologists. Two subsequent studies [ by whom? Unlike the Type A personality’s rhythm of multi-tasked careers, Type B individuals are sometimes attracted to careers of creativity: Follow-up experience of 22 years.

According to the results of the questionnaire individuals were classified as Type A personalities, and Type B. People with Type A personalities are often high-achieving ” workaholics “. Journal of Applied Psychology. Changes in the serum cholesterol and blood clotting time in men subjected to cyclic variation of occupational stress.